Relation between the increment of thunderstorms and temperature for some stations with complete and unbiased data

Lourdes Álvarez Escudero, Israel Borrajero Montejo

Abstract

Worldwide studies have stated an increase in atmospheric thunderstorm activity that bears a relation with growing air and sea temperature, along with atmospheric aerosol density. This work aims to analyze the inter annual course of thunderstorms occurrence and surface air temperature for series of observations with adequate degree of completion and lack of bias at meteorological stations in Cuba, over the period from 1989 to 2016. Series of tri hourly Present and Past weather state codes and tri hourly values of surface air temperature at 14 stations were used. Series were subject to nonparametric homogeneity tests and variables were related through the Pearson Correlation coefficient. The relation between the percent of occurrence of thunderstorm observations and variables associated to temperature did not explain the increase in thunderstorm activity.

Keywords

thunderstorms; temperature; trend

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